Bamboo has emerged as an ultimate green material. It is a renewable and sustainable raw material and has been found to have a lower environmental impact with significant reduction in carbon footprint and land use.
The advantages of using bamboo material are its biodegradability, its fast renewability, its efficient space consumption and its low water use as the growth can be sustained by rain water.
Bamboo is a sustainable self-regenerating and renewable raw material. It is a grass and when harvested it is cut rather than uprooted, and its root structure stays intact generating new shoots. So bamboo does not need replanting like other textile raw products such as cotton or hemp. Shoots emerge with the rainy season and expand within a few months to their final length of 10-30 m and diameters from 5 to 30 cm. During the growth of the culms, bamboo produces the highest amount of living biomass in the plant realm.
As one of the fastest-growing plants in the world it can grow a metre or more per day. This growth occurs naturally where sustained by rain water, making the need for irrigation or use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers unnecessary. It also can grow on slopes and other areas where foresting of wood is not possible.
Land is becoming scarce, therefore yield of land is an important aspect of sustainability and bamboo is one of the best-performing renewable materials available with a very high yield. Bamboo plantations are able to deliver annual yields faster than any wood species can, provide quicker harvest readiness and yield 50 times as much fibre per acre as cotton.
Bamboo provides food, renewable raw material, and regenerative energy. In fact there are over 1000 described uses of bamboo. Bamboo has also many excellent properties that make it ideal for processing into textiles.
As a whole the textile industry has a poor track record for social and environmental concerns: use of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture, use of toxic chemicals in manufacturing stages, non-biodegradable wastes to landfill, extensive water use especially in cotton crop cultivation, use of non-renewable resources such as fossil fuels as main product in producing synthetic fibres, use of large fields for harvest that take away space needed for food production, etc. While there are serious environmental impacts associated with many fabrics there are some whose impact is much greater or much less.
Bamboo textiles show great advantages in regard to sustainable development, and compared with what is currently available on the market bamboo textiles are considered to be a more sustainable and eco-friendly form of textiles.
The advantages of using bamboo textiles are soft feel, light weight, breathability and hypoallergenic properties, quick moisture absorption and anti-static nature. Also, bamboo fibres are more easily extracted than those of some other natural fibres, such as linen and hemp.
Bamboo is wonderful, we love it and we have the ambition to make it more widely available and affordable.